澳洲幸运5官方|澳洲幸运5计划软件手机版下载
網絡百科新概念
提示
 正文中的藍色文字是詞條,點擊藍色文字可進入該詞條頁面;
 正文中的紅色文字是尚待創建的詞條,點擊紅色文字可進入創建詞條頁面;
 歡迎參與詞條創建或編輯修改!人人為我,我為人人。共同建設中文百科在線,共創知識文明!
zwbkorg
關注微信,獲取更多信息
閱讀 3596 次 歷史版本 0個 創建者:zc_zhouchao (2018/3/8 13:33:51)  最新編輯:zc_zhouchao (2018/3/8 13:33:51)
鬼臉升麻
目錄[ 隱藏 ]

中藥名

升麻 shengma

別名

綠升麻、西升麻、空升麻、周升麻、雞升麻、鬼臉升麻。

英文名

Cimicifugae Rhizoma。

來源

毛茛科植物大三葉升麻Cimici,uga heracLei,oliaKom.、興安升麻Cimici uga dahurica(Turcz.) Maxim.或升麻Cimicifuga foetidaL.的根莖。(本文以升麻為準,右圖亦為升麻)

植物形態

多年生草本。根莖粗壯,堅實,表面黑色,有多數內陷的圓洞狀老莖殘跡。莖直立,中空。下部莖生葉片三角形,2~3回3出羽狀全裂;頂生小葉菱形,邊緣有鋸齒,側生小葉具短柄或無柄,比頂生小葉略小。圓錐花序,花序軸和花梗密被灰色或銹色的腺毛及短毛;花兩性;萼片5,倒卵狀圓形,白色或綠白色,退化雄蕊位于萼片內面,寬橢圓形,頂端微凹或2淺裂,能育雄蕊多數;心皮2~5,密被灰色毛。瞢樊果長圓形,被貼伏的柔毛,基部漸狹成長2~3毫米的柄,頂端有短喙;種子3~8粒,橢圓形,全體生膜質鱗翅。花期7~9月,果期8~10月。

產地分布

生于山地林緣、林中或路旁草叢中。分布于河南、山西、湖北、陜西、寧夏、甘肅、青海、四川、云南、西藏等地。

采收加工

秋季采挖,除去泥沙,曬至須根干時,燎去或除去須根,曬干。

藥材性狀

不規則長形塊狀,多分枝,呈結節狀,長10~20厘米,直徑2~4厘米,表面黑褐色或棕褐色,粗糙不平,有堅硬的細須根殘留,上面有數個圓形空洞狀的莖基痕,洞內壁顯網狀溝紋;下面凹凸不平,具須根痕。體輕,質堅硬,不易折斷,斷面不平坦,有裂隙,纖維性,黃綠色或淡黃白色。氣微,味微苦而澀。

性味歸經

性微寒,味辛,微甘。歸肺經、脾經、胃經、大腸經。

功效與作用

發表透疹、清熱解毒、升舉陽氣。屬解表藥下屬分類的辛涼解表藥。

臨床應用

用量3~9克,水煎服;或入丸、散。用治風熱頭痛、齒痛、口瘡、咽喉腫痛、麻疹不透、陽毒發斑、脫肛、子宮脫垂等。

藥理研究

升麻常見的有4個品種,有效成分有一定差異,臨床應用大體相同,除用來發表升陽外,配葛根等對麻疹等病毒之毒血癥有較好的療效。有解熱,降溫,抗炎,鎮痛;鎮靜,抗驚厥;增強免疫功能;護肝,解痙等作用。

化學成分

本品主要含升麻堿、水楊酸、樹脂、咖啡酸、異阿魏酸、阿魏酸、馬栗樹皮素、咖啡酸、25-O-乙酰基-升麻醇、升麻精、北升麻寧、類葉升麻苷A、升麻苷C、芥子酸等成分。

使用禁忌

陰虛陽浮,喘滿氣逆及麻疹已透者禁服。服用過量可產生頭暈、震顫、四肢拘攣等證。

    詞條分類[我來完善]

  • 按學科分類: 中醫學
  • 按行業分類:
  • 按地域分類:
  • 開放式分類: .

    1
    0
    申明:1.中文百科在線的詞條資料來自網友(一些人是某學科領域的專家)貢獻,供您查閱參考。一些和您切身相關的具體問題(特別是健康、經濟、法律相關問題),出于審慎起見,建議咨詢專業人士以獲得更有針對性的答案。2.中文百科的詞條(含所附圖片)系由網友上傳,如果涉嫌侵權,請與客服聯系,我們將及時給予刪除。3.如需轉載本頁面內容,請注明來源于www.yjtdt.com.cn

    詞條保護申請

  • * 如果用戶不希望該詞條被修改,可以申請詞條保護
    * 管理員審核通過后,該詞條會被設為不能修改

    注意:只有該詞條的創建者才能申請詞條保護

    評論評論內容為網友展開的討論,與本站觀點立場無關[去知識社區發起新話題]

  • 172.16.32.*在 2019/5/5 10:10:08 發表
  • www.99xing.net
  • 172.16.32.*在 2019/3/13 8:10:42 發表
  • I precisely needed to appreciate you again. I'm not certain the things I could possibly have taken care of without the type of secrets discussed by you concerning such a question. It truly was the horrifying setting in my view, however , understanding the very specialised manner you treated the issue took me to cry for contentment. I'm just happier for your work and even hope that you recognize what an amazing job you're doing training many others via a blog. Most probably you haven't got to kno
  • 172.16.32.*在 2019/3/11 15:33:24 發表
  • I am commenting to make you know of the helpful discovery my girl had browsing your site. She figured out too many issues, not to mention how it is like to possess an excellent teaching spirit to get many others easily gain knowledge of specific specialized topics. You actually surpassed our desires. Many thanks for churning out the warm and friendly, safe, educational as well as cool thoughts on this topic to Gloria.
    adidas ultra boost http://www.ultraboost.us.com
  • 172.16.32.*在 2019/3/11 4:23:47 發表
  • I'm also writing to make you know what a beneficial experience our girl developed reading through the blog. She came to understand a wide variety of details, most notably how it is like to possess an ideal helping style to have others smoothly have an understanding of specified advanced subject matter. You undoubtedly exceeded our expectations. Thank you for imparting those insightful, trustworthy, edifying and cool tips about this topic to Emily.
    michael kors outlet http://www.handbagsmicha
  • 172.16.32.*在 2019/3/10 1:58:26 發表
  • Thank you so much for giving everyone remarkably remarkable possiblity to read critical reviews from here. It is usually so enjoyable and packed with a lot of fun for me and my office acquaintances to visit your site at a minimum three times every week to see the fresh secrets you have. Of course, we're always astounded with your unbelievable knowledge you serve. Selected two facts in this post are absolutely the simplest I've had.
    jordan retro 12 http://www.jordan12.us.com
  • 172.16.32.*在 2019/3/8 17:07:27 發表
  • I'm also commenting to let you know of the remarkable experience our daughter experienced checking your site. She picked up a wide variety of details, most notably what it is like to possess a wonderful helping spirit to let many others quite simply know precisely specified tricky matters. You truly did more than visitors' desires. Thank you for churning out such warm and helpful, healthy, educational not to mention unique tips about this topic to Evelyn.
    jordan 12 http://www.jordan12.us.com
  • 172.16.32.*在 2019/3/7 12:07:29 發表
  • Thanks so much for providing individuals with remarkably breathtaking possiblity to read in detail from this site. It's usually very pleasant and also full of a good time for me personally and my office acquaintances to visit your web site on the least 3 times weekly to read the new items you have got. And lastly, we're usually motivated considering the extraordinary thoughts served by you. Certain 3 tips in this posting are in fact the very best we have ever had.
    nike air max http://www.nik
  • 172.16.32.*在 2019/3/6 10:35:06 發表
  • I would like to voice my gratitude for your generosity in support of persons who require help with in this idea. Your special commitment to getting the message up and down appeared to be exceedingly insightful and have always empowered associates like me to arrive at their dreams. Your entire warm and helpful publication denotes this much a person like me and still more to my peers. Thanks a ton; from everyone of us.
    nike flyknit http://www.nikeflyknit.us.com
  • 172.16.32.*在 2019/3/5 10:32:37 發表
  • I must point out my appreciation for your generosity for those who require assistance with this important issue. Your personal commitment to passing the message all through came to be particularly productive and have regularly enabled many people just like me to achieve their desired goals. This warm and helpful guideline implies a whole lot to me and extremely more to my office colleagues. Warm regards; from everyone of us.
    vans outlet http://www.vans-outlet.us.com
  • 172.16.32.*在 2019/3/4 12:02:04 發表
  • I precisely had to thank you so much yet again. I am not sure the things I would have followed without these tricks shared by you concerning such subject. It was the traumatic case in my opinion, but discovering your well-written approach you treated the issue made me to leap with gladness. I will be grateful for your advice and then pray you are aware of a great job you are always undertaking training many people using your blog post. More than likely you've never come across any of us.
    yee
  • 172.16.32.*在 2019/3/4 6:54:29 發表
  • I'm also writing to let you know of the awesome encounter our child went through viewing your web page. She picked up such a lot of pieces, most notably what it's like to have an ideal teaching style to let other people smoothly know precisely chosen specialized subject areas. You actually did more than visitors' expected results. Many thanks for churning out the precious, trusted, educational and also fun tips about the topic to Emily.
    calvin klein outlet online http://www.calvinkleinoutlet
  • 172.16.32.*在 2019/3/3 4:33:13 發表
  • My spouse and i were absolutely lucky Emmanuel could complete his inquiry using the ideas he acquired through the weblog. It's not at all simplistic to just happen to be giving away tricks which most people have been making money from. So we see we have the website owner to give thanks to for that. These illustrations you made, the straightforward website menu, the relationships your site aid to foster - it's got mostly spectacular, and it is facilitating our son and the family recognize that t
  • 172.16.32.*在 2019/3/1 21:53:34 發表
  • I have to show my gratitude for your kindness for those people that absolutely need help on this one issue. Your real commitment to getting the message all around had become quite interesting and have in every case allowed women just like me to achieve their targets. Your new invaluable hints and tips indicates a great deal to me and additionally to my peers. Many thanks; from everyone of us.
    bape hoodie http://www.bapehoodie.us
  • 172.16.32.*在 2019/2/28 22:31:19 發表
  • My spouse and i got very joyful Edward managed to round up his web research with the ideas he got from your own web site. It's not at all simplistic to simply always be giving freely thoughts that many others might have been making money from. And we also take into account we need the blog owner to thank for that. All of the illustrations you've made, the straightforward website navigation, the relationships you make it possible to engender - it is many overwhelming, and it's leading our son in
  • 172.16.32.*在 2019/2/28 0:22:03 發表
  • I am glad for writing to make you be aware of of the beneficial experience my girl developed using yuor web blog. She even learned a good number of pieces, which include how it is like to possess an awesome helping spirit to get most people clearly understand specific specialized matters. You truly did more than my expectations. Thanks for imparting these helpful, trustworthy, edifying as well as fun guidance on this topic to Gloria.
    air yeezy http://www.yeezysshoes.us.com
  • 更多評論
聯系我們意見反饋幫助中心免責聲明
Copyright ? 2010 zwbk.org 中文百科在線 All rights reserved.京ICP證090285號
澳洲幸运5官方