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閱讀 2964 次 歷史版本 0個 創建者:lqxlcl (2018/3/7 17:08:42)  最新編輯:lqxlcl (2018/3/7 17:08:42)
劉少奇同志紀念館
拼音:liushaoqitongzhijinianguan
英文:liushaoqitongzhijinianguan
同義詞條:湖南劉少奇同志紀念館
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劉少奇同志紀念館

花明樓劉少奇同志紀念館,是為紀念中國共產黨和中華人民共和國領導人劉少奇而修建的。位于劉少奇故鄉湖南省寧鄉縣花明樓鄉。1984年籌建,1988年開放。有 8個展室、1個聲像廳和2個懷念亭,主體建筑3100平方米。紀念館西南面的山地上,有高7.1米(基座高3.1米,銅像高4米)的劉少奇銅像。故居在紀念館北面約250米的地方,是一棟半茅半瓦的土木結構農舍,為全國重點文物保護單位。

人物生平

劉少奇(1898~1969)偉大的馬克思主義者,無產階級革命家、政治家和理論家,中國共產黨和中華人民共和國主要領導人之一。湖南寧鄉人。1898年11月24日生。少年時期在家鄉上過私塾和小學,1919年中學畢業。1920年加入中國社會主義青年團。1921年到蘇俄莫斯科東方勞動者共產主義大學學習。同年轉為中國共產黨黨員。1922年回國從事工人運動,在中國勞動組合書記部(中華全國總工會的前身)工作。不久,受黨的委派領導安源路礦工人大罷工,任安源路礦工人俱樂部代主任、主任。1925年5月在第二次全國勞動大會上當選為中華全國總工會副委員長。1927年5月在中共第五次全國代表大會上當選為中央委員。第一次國共合作破裂后,在上海、天津、北平、哈爾濱等地從事秘密工作。1930年夏赴莫斯科出席赤色職工國際第五次代表大會,當選為執行局委員。 關于劉少奇同志更詳細的評述,請參考詞條:劉少奇

概況說明

劉少奇同志紀念館于1988年11月24日,由已故國家主席楊尚昆同志剪彩開館。紀念館建筑面積3200多平方米,其主體是具有民族風格的自由分散型群體式園林建筑,正門樓上懸掛著鄧小平同志題寫的“劉少奇同志紀念館”門匾,廣場上紅旗烈烈,奇花斗妍,廣場側的亭臺水榭,游廊亭廊建在漣漣碧水之中,美麗自然的風光與園林式的建筑相互點綴,別有一番情趣。 紀念館共有一個序廳8個展室,其中第1—7室為劉少奇生平基本陳列,第八室為音像室。 該陳列內容由湖南省和館內專家擬定,采用生平歷史和業績專題相結合的方法,經國家文物局和中國革命博物館專家審定,認為突破了革命歷史人物陳列的傳統樞架與模式,克服了“千人一面”的弊病。

序廳正面墻上是“劉少奇和人民在一起”的大型浮雕,他像征著“劉少奇一生始終和人民群眾在一起,他所建立的不朽功勛與共和國同在”。序廳兩側分別有背景性浮雕,像征著劉少奇同志是黨和國家的卓越領導人。 展廳內共陳列有200余張照片,260余件實物和復制件,7個復原模型和景箱,10個電動圖表,5件雕塑藝術品,4處音像點,這些陳列品,通過色調處理,空間構架設計,通過先進的陳列手段,使內容與形式緊密配合,給人強大的沖擊力和感染力。

劉少奇故居紀念館不斷加大對環境的保護和改造的力度,尤其是故居的周邊環境,盡量保持過去的田園風光。形成了春花爛漫、夏蔭濃郁、秋色絢麗、冬景蒼翠的四季景觀。自建了苗木基地,種植各色花草,裝點館區的不同季節。劉少奇故里就形成了集紀念、瞻仰、游覽于一體的具有園林特色的景觀。

主要景點

劉少奇同志紀念館門樓:劉少奇同志紀念館牌樓,是1998年劉少奇同志誕辰百周年之際投資建成的。門樓高12.4米,寬15米,呈山墻暴露式,頗具江南古建筑風格。“劉少奇故里”五個蒼勁大字由全國書法家協會主席沈鵬先生題寫。 銅像廣場:劉少奇同志銅像是1988年劉少奇同志誕辰90周年時落成的,由時任國家主席楊尚昆同志親自揭幕。廣場占地面積8000多平方米(包括踏步)。兩邊山頭青松傲立、雜樹生花,石級中央一條蒼翠的匍地龍筆直前伸,廣場視野開闊,四周山頭連綿起伏,幽遠深遂。廣場正前方,整齊的小松柏簇擁著一個莊嚴肅穆的平臺,平臺中央,劉少奇同志銅像威嚴地矗立著。銅像由中華全國總工會捐建,著名雕塑大師劉開渠和他的高徒程允賢精心制作。銅像加底座共高7.1米(像高3.0米,座高4.1米),這個數字包含著兩層含義:第一,“七一”是黨的生日,劉少奇同志一生致力于黨的建設,為黨和人民的事業付出了畢生的精力,是黨的卓越領導人。第二,劉少奇同志享年71歲。銅像座西北朝東南,面部神情似微笑,似沉思,滿懷滄桑地遙望遠方;拿著煙頭的手自然擺放;飄逸的風衣將襯托得更加偉岸。再現了作為黨和國家主要領導人的劉少奇同志風塵仆仆、日理萬機的光輝形象,使人油然而生一種敬意和親切感。

劉少奇文物館于少奇同志百周年誕辰之際經中央批準,耗資200多萬元建成的。建筑面積1530平方米,為三進三院式布局,集辦公、文物收藏、展覽于一體。文物館內設三個展廳,分別為劉少奇中南海故居—福祿居復原陳列和與劉少奇同志生平業績有關的其它專題陳列。

炭子沖民俗文化展基本保持了二十世紀初江南農村的原始風貌。炭子沖民俗文化展的匾額,是由原全國人大副委員長王光英親筆題寫。主要陳列是炭子沖民俗文化展。其主要內容是反映過去湖南農村生產、生活場景的民俗文物,陳列內容豐富,形式新穎,能讓人們在輕松的游覽過程中感受到濃郁的鄉土風情。

劉少奇故居是一棟土木結構的普通江南四合院,占地面積1300多平方米,建筑面積1074平方米,共有房屋21間半,其中瓦房16間半,茅屋5間。故居于1959年由湖南省人民政府公布為省級重點文物保護單位并對外開放,1988年由國務院公布為全國重點文物保護單位(第三批)。“文化大革命”期間,故居遭受了嚴重破壞,所藏文物展品幾乎散失殆盡。1980年2月劉少奇同志平反后,根據“保護為主,搶救第一”的文物工作方針和“整舊如舊”的原則,對故居進行了全面修繕和復原,基本上恢復了1961年少奇同志回鄉調查在此居住時的情形,并于1980年3月5重新對外開放.故居共陳列展品200多件,生動地再現了湖南農家的風貌和劉少奇在這里學習活動的部分場景。 花明園是以江澤民同志“以德治國”戰略思想和<公民道德建設實施綱要>為指導,以湖湘文化為背景,以弘揚中華民族的傳統美德為主題,以劉少奇同志<論共產黨員的修養>為重點,采用寓教于游的方式,對旅游觀光者特別是廣大青少年進行思想道德教育,革命傳統教育和愛國主義教育。

劉少奇坐過的飛機伊爾18-240是中國于1959年從前蘇聯購買的第一批(共5架)伊爾18型飛機中僅存的一架,保存較為完整,機內的座椅和休息艙內的軍用床、床單都是原物。該機作為當時黨和國家主要領導人的專機,劉少奇、周恩來、彭真、陳毅等都曾乘坐過。它曾伴隨劉少奇同志參加過許多外事活動。2002年12月,國家文物局下達了文物博函[2002]1160號文件,擬征集劉少奇乘坐過的飛機。該專機經當年駕駛過的機長和機械師鑒定,確定無疑,具有較高歷史價值。

修養亭是為紀念少奇同志的光輝著作——《論共產黨員的修養》而修建的。占地面積6000平方米,建筑面積1200余平方米,由前后兩個院落及小型集會廣場組成,是一座以當地民居形式為基礎,運用中國傳統造園手法建成的仿古園林建筑群,質樸大方、莊重典雅。“修養亭”由全國政協委員、書法家協會副主席李鐸題寫。陳列有《論共產黨員的修養》的提綱手跡、歷代名家論修養和中國三代領導人對《論共產黨員的修養》的評價及名家贊頌《論共產黨員的修養》的書畫作品。 一葉湖是占地面積6000多平方米的人工湖,取名于鄭板橋先生“衙齋臥聽蕭蕭竹,疑是民間疾苦聲。些小吾曹州縣吏,一枝一葉總關情”,以此體現劉少奇同志心中時刻關心人民群眾的高尚品格。四周配以石拱橋、假山、涼亭、楊柳、紫薇等,使整個園區顯得簡潔明快、生氣盎然。花明德育園設計極具親和力,用大面積的植物景觀來營造繽紛的色彩,歡迎來自四面八方的客人,讓游客在輕松、活潑的氣氛中感受偉人的情懷,在步移景異中品味獨特的文化氛圍。

旅游相關

美食

劉少奇同志紀念館美食較多,還可去寧鄉縣城品嘗以下美食

烤雞翅:肯得雞斜對面十子路口右轉彎靠邊的那個攤位最好吃!

臭豆腐:寧鄉電影院(大西門)對面的臭豆腐數寧鄉最好吃!

酸辣粉:寧鄉步行街中間廣場月亮島的酸辣粉數寧鄉最好吃!

麻辣燙:寧鄉八一路中間段四川麻辣燙數寧鄉最好吃!

口味蛇:寧鄉大成橋鄉口味蛇數創始店數寧鄉最好吃!

鴨霸王:寧鄉紫金廣場A棟安鄉九三鴨霸王數寧鄉最好吃!

土雞:寧鄉縣青華鋪鄉(三岔路口)土雞數寧鄉最好吃!

田螺:寧鄉再就業商城(城南市場、夜宵城)的田螺數寧鄉最好吃!

龍蝦:寧鄉南門橋下龍蝦數寧鄉最好吃!

燒烤:寧鄉動搖頻道旁邊熊熊燒烤店數寧鄉最好吃! 門票:18元

交通:紀念館位于長沙市寧鄉縣花明樓鎮,長沙長途客運西站每日均有長途客車發往寧鄉縣。

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